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Pop music

pop music

Pop music is a concept embracing various styles and genres of mainly entertaining variety music making, which can have commercial success. Pop music is usually distinguished from popular music in the broad sense of the word, that is, the totality of the most famous, often performed works of the concert repertoire. However, in the music-critical usage of the last time this distinction is erased, and the repertoire, as well as the concert practice of the most famous opera stars, is often estimated as a variety of P.-M. (Which is the reason for a purely commercial producer strategy, for example, Luciano Pavarotti). The term Pop music Nominated in the 1950s. With reference to rock music. However, in the late 60's and 70's the rock movement opposed itself to the pop-stage; The criteria of opposition were hard cultural "revolutionaryism" and artistic claims of rock music, absent from the purely applied entertainment art. By the mid-1980s, this opposition was erased (which is why they often talk about "the death of rock music"), and the musicians who belonged to the rock movement returned to commercial strategies and aesthetic principles. Pop music. Typological certainty Pop music is created by four factors: entertainment Function, the special role of the artistic standard, analogous to the canon in folklore and traditional professional art, close connection with mass media and technical means of replication and distribution of artistic products, commercial tion strategy for promotion - to promote the popularity of artists and works. The described system was formed from the middle of the XIX century, the finished look was received together with the flourishing of the phonographic industry. The growth of technical opportunities for distribution and replication, the complication of the electronic mass media system divided the history of Pop music into two stages. In the 1910-50's. The main means of replicating Pop music. There was a plate; From the 1950s to the present day, a phonogram (a plate, a tape recorder, a CD) and a television clip are closed to each other. At the first stage, the function of the advertising company, which provides the sale of records, was mainly live concerts (but also radio broadcasts and scrolling records in restaurants and rest places); At the second stage, to these means of ensuring the successful sale of phonograms, a TV clip is added, gradually degenerating into a new independent type of pop production. At both stages, the main figure in the creative process was the producer. His main task - to promote popular pop singers - in the first half of the century was decided not only by using the described system of distribution of records, but also by special work on the repertoire. In the 1910's and 20's. Producers (in their role often featured art directors and editors of phonographic companies) created brigades from melodist, arranger, textwriter (the texts were created, as a rule, on the available musical "fish"), which often worked outside contact with each other. The results of their work were brought together in terms of a certain performer, who (as well as the team of accompanists) was on the contract with a phonographic company. Later, under the influence of the popularity of jazz artists who were also the authors of their own compositions, the producer strategy degenerates into a purely advertising one. Parallel to the development of television as a means of advertising pop records, the role of the producer is expanding again. However, by this time the principle of the responsibility of the performers for the repertoire (the performer either is the author himself or enters the horizon of the producer's attention with the established creative team) is already firmly established, and therefore the creative tasks of the producer are transposed into the field of work on the image of the "star". The producer attracts sound engineers working on "soundom" (a slang term meaning a characteristic style of technical voice and instrumental sounding), directors, choreographers, costume stylists, hairstyles and make-up, under his guidance creating an expressive (but correlating with it) expressive Image-symbol, through which the performer himself becomes a successfully sold pop product. With all transformations of producer practice, the producer remains the function of the economic controller of creativity. This control monitors the dialectic of the standard and fashion. To be successfully sold, Pop music must meet the expectations of the audience, primarily entertaining. Therefore, it can not but be danceable, its texts can not go beyond the corresponding thematic circle (in which the center forms the theme of love with a set of possible dispositions of the four concepts: "He", "She", "Aspiration", "Achievement"), Her concert presentation can not help but be colorful and colorful show, etc. On the other hand, to win in commercial competition, the pop star must be "fresh". Therefore, in Pop music cyclically changing fashion trends (their marking - above all the nature of the dance rhythm and match



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